An analysis of students' attitude toward electoral politics in 2018 general elections: A case Study of Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Authors

  • Noor Hamid Khan Mahsud Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8264-5843
  • Wasai Taxila Institute of Asian Civilisations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5864-9713
  • Munawar Hussain Area Study Center for South and North America, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.19

Keywords:

elections, general elections, 2018 elections, electoral politics, voting behaviour, youth in politics, free and fair elections, election rigging, students role in politics

Abstract

This paper seeks to investigate educated youth's attitudes toward electoral politics in general, and the 2018 general elections, in particular. For this purpose, the researchers conducted a case study of Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (QAU). One of the major objectives of this study was to ascertain educated youth's general attitude toward electoral politics and know whether there exist any variations in the thinking of students with diverse ethnic, social, and academic backgrounds. The author also wanted to find possible explanations for any such variations. Therefore, the paper first presents overall findings of the study and then analyses the responses on the basis of respondents' gender, their disciplines, and ethnic identity. For better results, the researchers used mixed research method. He first collected quantitative data through a survey and then interviewed different people to find possible explanations for the findings. The study found that there are great variations in the thinking of students belonging to different provinces/administrative units, academic disciplines, and genders. The findings necessitate comprehensive reforms in the electoral system.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abbasi, A. (2018, July 3). No authority can interfere in election matters: ECP. The News International. https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/336856-no-authority-can-interfere-in-election-matters-ecp

Ahmad, M. S. (2010). Electoral politics in NWFP-1988-1999. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Quaid-i-Azam University.

Ahmad, S. (1977). Class and power in a Punjabi Village. Punjab Adbi Markaz. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3011606

Aiba, J. (2002). Reviewing the theories of voting behaviour. Memoirs of Nara University, 31, 283-304. http://repo.nara-u.ac.jp/modules/xoonips/download.php/AN00181569-20030300-1017.pdf?file_id=2035

Akhter, Z., & Sheikh, Y. A. (2014). Determinants of voting behaviour in India: Theoretical perspective. Public Policy and Administration Research, 4 (8), 104-108. https://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/PPAR/article/view/14920

Alavi, H. (1971). The politics of dependence: A village in west Punjab. South Asian Review, 4 (2), 111-128. https://www.econbiz.de/Record/the-politics-of-dependence-a-village-in-west-punjab-alavi-hamza/10001813527

Antunes, R. (2010). Theoretical models of voting behaviour. Exedra, 4(1), 145-70. http://exedra.esec.pt/docs/N4/10C_Rui-Antunes_pp_145-170.pdf

Antwi, R. B. (2018). How do voters decide? A study of the determinants of voting behaviour in Ghana. (Unpublished Master thesis, Wright State University.

Awan, S. M. (2008). Political parties and political development in the Punjab: 1988-1999. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Quaid-i-Azam University.

Badshah, L., Rehman, A. U., & Muhammad, N. (2018). Political determinants of voting behaviour in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal, 2 (1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/2.1.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/2.1.1

Chandio, A. A., & Chandio, S. A. (2013). The execution of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto: Its impacts on the politics of Sindh. The Government-Annual Research Journal of Political Science, 2 (2), 27-36. https://sujo-old.usindh.edu.pk/index.php/THE-GOVERNMENT/article/view/934/876

Dinas, E. (2017). The evolving role of partisanship. In K. Arzheimer, J. Evans, & M. S. Lewis-Beck (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Electoral Behaviour, 1, 265-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473957978.n13

Dowding, K. (2018). Rational choice theory and voting. In J. Fisher, E. Fieldhouse, M. N. Franklin, R. Gibson, M. Cantijoch, & C. Wlezien (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Elections, Voting Behaviour and Public Opinion (pp. 30-40). Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315712390-4

European Union Election Observation Mission (EU EOM). (2018). Final Report General Elections, 25 July 2018. https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/final_report_pakistan_2018_english.pdf

Farmanullah, & Islam, F. (2019). Does issue voting matter in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa? empirical evidence from 2002-2013 Elections. Global Social Sciences Review, IV (IV), 301-07. DOI: 10.31703/gssr.2019(IV-IV).39 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31703/gssr.2019(IV-IV).39

Farmanullah, & Jan, M. A. (2016). Party identification as a determinant of voters’ behaviour in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A case study of general elections the 2008. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 10(1), 175-85. http://www.sbbwu.edu.pk/journal/Summmer%202016%20Vol.10.No.1/20%20Party%20identification%20as%20a%20determinant%20of%20voters.pdf

Farmanullah. (2014). Voting Behaviour in Pakistan: A case study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2008 general elections. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Peshawar.

Hussain, A. (2019, March 22). PTI and the youth. The News International. https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/447010-pti-and-the-youth

Johnson, B. R., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Turner, L. A. (2007). Toward a definition of mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1 (2), 112-133. doi.org/10.1177/1558689806298224 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689806298224

Kanwal, L., Shahid, A. R., & Naeem, M. (2016). Voting behaviour of educated youth in Pakistan: A study of Multan city. Journal of The Research Society of Pakistan, 53 (2), 90-104. http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/history/PDF-FILES/6-Paper_53_2_16.pdf

Khan, K. A. (2011). 2002 elections in Pakistan: A reappraisal. Journal of Political Studies, 18 (01), 93-108. http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/pesr/PDF-FILES/2002%20Elections%20in%20Pak%20-%207-V41-2003.pdf

Malik, M. (2018, June 15). ECP decides to deploy army at polling stations. The Nation. https://nation.com.pk/15-Jun-2018/ecp-decides-to-deploy-army-at-polling-stations

Mohmand, S. K. (2011). Patrons, brothers and landlords: Competing for the vote in rural Pakistan. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Sussex.

Ram, M., Nizamani, B., & Hassan, Z. (2018). Participation and perception of youth about electoral process and vote casting; A social survey at Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 5 (12), 190-201. http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812026.pdf

Schoonenboom, J., & Johnson, R. B. (2017). How to construct a mixed methods research design. Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 69 (2), 107–131. doi.org/10.1007/s11577-017-0454-1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11577-017-0454-1

Scott, J., & Marshall, G. (Ed.). (2009). A dictionary of sociology. Oxford University. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780199533008.001.0001

Shah, H. (2019). Voting behaviour in Pakistan: An analysis of partisan and floating voters in general elections 2013 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Peshawar.

Shah, H., Rehman, A. U., & Khattak, W. M. (2019). Operationalisation of Floating Voters Hypothesis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 3(1), 43-60. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/3.1.5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/3.1.5

Shah, H., Shah, Z., & Khattak, W. M. (2019). Candidate's personality and voting preferences in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. global regional review, IV (I), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.31703/grr.2019(IV-I).04 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31703/grr.2019(IV-I).04

Shah, S. (2018, August 18). Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/aug/18/pakistan

Sharlamanov, K., & Jovanoski, A. (2014). Models of voting. International Refereed Research Journal, 5(1), 16-24. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/MODELS-OF-VOTING-Jovanoski-Ohridski/678b1988386a00cbdb0c547fe65f6ba2ac886a5b

Shehzad, R. (2018, July 21). IHC judge levels serious allegations against security agencies. The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1763556/1-ihc-judges-levels-serious-allegations-security-agencies/

Sikandar, S. (2018, July 1). Election security: ECP asks Punjab govt 'not to rest on its oars' till free, fair polls. The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/1747280/election-security-ecp-asks-punjab-govt-not-rest-oars-till-free-fair-polls

Stegmaier, M., Lewis-Beck, M. S., & Park, B. (2017). The VP-Function: A Review. In K. Arzheimer, J. Evans, & M. S. Lewis-Beck (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Electoral Behaviour, 2, 584-605. SAGE Publications. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473957978.n25

Swaine, J. (2008, August 18). Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan. The Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/2578281/Pervez-Musharraf-resigns-as-president-of-Pakistan.html

Visser, M. (1994). The Psychology of voting action: On the Psychological Origins of Electoral Research, 1939-1964. Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences, 30(1), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6696(199401)30:1%3C43::AID-JHBS2300300105%3E3.0.CO;2-D DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6696(199401)30:1<43::AID-JHBS2300300105>3.0.CO;2-D

Visser, M. (1998). Five theories of voting action: Strategy and structure of psychological explanation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Universiteit Twente.

Waseem, M. (1994). The 1993 Elections in Pakistan. Vanguard Books.

Waseem, M. (2006). Democratization in Pakistan: A study of 2002 elections. Oxford University.

Wilder, A. R. (1999). The Pakistani voter: Electoral politics and voting behaviour in the Punjab. Oxford University.

Published

2021-06-17

How to Cite

Mahsud, N. H. K., Wasai, & Hussain, M. (2021). An analysis of students’ attitude toward electoral politics in 2018 general elections: A case Study of Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(1), 279–300. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.19

Issue

Section

Research Articles | Original Articles | Original Research

Categories