Measuring community disaster resilience in Southern Punjab: a study of 2022 floods in Pakistan


  • Anum Aleha Department of Architecture Design, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Syeda Mahwish Zahra Department of Architecture Design, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Abdul Waheed Memon Department of Architecture, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan.
  • Waqas Ahmed Mahar Department of Architecture, Aror University of Art, Architecture, Design and Heritage, Sukkur, Pakistan | Sustainable Building Design (SBD) Lab, Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Universite de Liege, Liege, Belgium.



Flood Resilience, Disaster, ARC-D tool kit, Resilient communities, Monsoon, Disaster risk management, Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions


Pakistan only contributes 1% of the global greenhouse gas emissions. The country’s substantial vulnerability to the effects of climate change was highlighted during the 2022 floods. One-third of the country was underwater, 33 million people were affected, and 8 million were displaced. The destruction caused by the 2010 floods is dwarfed by the disaster's scale in Pakistan.  This study discusses the rehabilitation and recovery goals of the affected area, along with additional mitigating strategies. This can be done through resilient and sustainable repairing and upgrading the physical infrastructure. An analysis was done to estimate how resilient this target community is to disaster. Data collection and analysis techniques of the research were adopted. The resilience of the community to disasters was investigated using the Assessment of Resistance of Communities to Natural Disasters (ARC-D) toolkit created by GOAL International. The affected Southern Punjab region was selected, and qualitative and quantitative techniques were employed. Using the toolbox, a structured survey form was created. The findings showed that communities were unaware of their risks and problems and were not provided with the necessary plans and solutions. Specific tools and methods are required to measure the resilience of various communities and social activist groups.


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How to Cite

Aleha, A., Zahra, S. M., Memon, A. W., & Mahar, W. A. (2024). Measuring community disaster resilience in Southern Punjab: a study of 2022 floods in Pakistan . Natural and Applied Sciences International Journal (NASIJ), 5(1), 113–129.



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