The Effects of Militancy and Military Operations on Pashtun Culture and Traditions in FATA


  • Surat Khan Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Tayyab Wazir Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Arif Khan Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Buner, Pakistan.



War on Terror, FATA, Militancy, Military Operations, Cultural Impacts


Two events in the last five decades proved to be disastrous for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), now part of KP province: the USSR invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and ‘War on Terror' initiated by the US against militants in Afghanistan in 2001. After the incident of 9/11, FATA became the centre of global terrorism and emerged as the most dangerous place. Taliban’s rule was overthrown in Kabul, and they escaped and found refugees across the eastern border of Afghanistan with Pakistan. This paper aims at studying the emergence of Talibanization in FATA and its impacts on the local culture and religion. Furthermore, the research studies the effects of military operations on FATA’s cultural values and codes of life. Taliban, in FATA, while taking advantage of the local vulnerabilities and the state policy of appeasement, started expanding their roots and networks throughout the country. They conducted attacks on the civilians and security forces particularly when Pakistan joined the US ‘war on terror.’ Both the militancy and the military operations have left deep imprints thus affected the local culture, customs, values, and religious orientations in FATA.


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How to Cite

Khan, S., Wazir, T., & Khan, A. (2019). The Effects of Militancy and Military Operations on Pashtun Culture and Traditions in FATA. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 3(1), 74–84.