Ethnic Diversity and Federation of Pakistan: A Societal Perspective
This paper aims to identify the factors responsible for reluctance of centre to decentralize power and imitation of the same trend in provinces while dealing with minority ethno-lingual identities. This paper explores questions as: what is the nature of federalism in Pakistan? How federal question is dealt in the three constitutions of the republic? How different ethnic groups responded to various federal arrangements orchestrated by the managers of Pakistani state over the years? The main objectives of this paper are to develop an understanding into the challenges posed to federalism in Pakistan and to develop a more inclusive approach for addressing the federal question. The discussion generated in this paper is based upon qualitative critical analysis of existing published literature in the form of books, research articles, reports and official documents. The narrative upon which federation of Pakistan has been constructed is self-contradictory. This paper not only exposes the contradictions of this narrative but also includes societal perspective on ethnic diversity and federation of Pakistan. It has been concluded that the crisis generated by over-centralization of Pakistani state could only be resolved by ensuring the fundamental federal values like decentralization, provincial autonomy and devolution within provinces to grass root level.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Tariq Anwar Khan, Adil Khan, Muhammad Imran Mehsud
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