How the Military Shapes Policies: US Defence Diplomacy in Afghanistan


  • Tyela Shaffan Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Zarmina Baloch Department of Political Science, Islamia College Peshawar University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Arif Khan Department of Political Science, University of Buner, Sowarai, Buner, Pakistan.



Global power shift and the long-lasting war on terror have left deep impact for US foreign policy. It has put a blow on the overall political, economic and diplomatic affairs that has caused securitization and increased military influence in American foreign policies. The post-9/11 deviations in military related policies to report these changing security scenarios have caused drift in civil-military tensions. It is subsequently becoming important to understand that states can fuse a military that is obliged to do the acts, the civilians ask them to, consequently guarantees that a military will remain under the control of civilian enough to the civilians and the state authorizes it to perform any task. Therefore, shifting the strategic policy, the defence diplomacy of the United States in the core of the current war against terror in Afghanistan helped US military to operate without granting of total authority to the Taliban. There is a notion that when war ends, diplomacy begins. But reality lies in a fact that diplomacy is a constant before, during and after wars. When diplomacy fails, war becomes an option at times.


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How to Cite

Shaffan, T., Baloch, Z., & Khan, A. (2020). How the Military Shapes Policies: US Defence Diplomacy in Afghanistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 3(2), 96–105.



Research Articles | Original Research