Conflicts and Conflict Management in SAARC: Assessing Challenges and the Way Forward

Authors

  • Muhammad Idrees Department of Politics and International Relations, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Manzoor Ahmad Naazer Department of Politics and International Relations, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan | Department of Public and International Affairs, University of North Carolina, Wilmington, United States.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/1.2.1

Keywords:

SAARC, ASEAN, South Asia, South Asian Studies, Regionalism, Regional Organisations, Peace, Conflict, Peace and Conflict, Conflict Resolution, Conflict Management, South Asian Countries, SACs

Abstract

The mechanism created by South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) excludes the discussions on bilateral and contentious issues which is said to be the main hurdle in the SAARC to take off. Despite similarities in the South Asian member countries, e.g. cultural, linguistic, and historical, they have not yet been able to evolve cooperative environment and their relations are characterised by varying conflicts. Keeping with the background nominal progress that has been made by SAARC, it will be wise to review the inter-state conflicts which are halting the ways of the South Asian progress. The present study surveys the nature of interstate conflict among SAARC members and their impact on regional cooperation. It also explores various modes of conflict management and conflict resolution. It offers conflict management and multi-track diplomacy as keys to peace in the South Asian region and progress for SAARC.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Ahmad, K. (2006). South Asia unresolved disputes, SAPNA, 8(1), 15-26.

Ahmad, M. (2013). Integration theory and the role of the core state in regional organizations. Regional Studies, 31(1), 41-71. Retrieved from http://irs.org.pk/journal/3RSSummer13.pdf#page=41

Ahmad, M. (2017). SAARC summits 1985-2016: The cancellation phenomenon. IPRI Journal, 27(1), 43-71. Retrieved from https://ipripak.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Article-No.-3w17.pdf

Baral, L. R. (1988). The policy of balanced interdependence. New Delhi: Sterling.

Bhatta, D. T. (n.d.) The political economy of regional cooperation in South Asia. Dash, Pacific Affairs.

Delinic, T. (2012). SAARC: Twenty-five years of regional integration in South Asia. Kas International Report. Retrieved from http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_32769-1522-2-30.pdf?121116134456

Diehl, P. F., & Lepgold, J. (eds.). (2003). Regional conflict management. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Dixit, J. N. (2001). The future of security in South Asia. South Asian Survey, 8(1), 125-133.

Gopal, K. (1996). Geo-political and regional cooperation: A study of South Asia, New Delhi: Trans Asia.

Gooneratne, J. (2007). Sri Lanka and regionalism. In Regionalism in South Asian diplomacy. In Alyson J. K. Bailes, John Gooneratne, Mavara Inayat, Jamshed Ayaz Khan & Swaran Singh (ed.), 54-67. SIPRI Policy Paper No. 15, Stockholm. https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/resrep19209.10.pdf

Hashmi, Z. H. (1979). Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey: Regional integration and economic development. Lahore: Aziz Publishers.

Hentz, J. J., & Boas, M. (eds). (2003). New and critical security and regionalism: Beyond the Nation State. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Idrees, M., & Ayaz M. (2015). Peace and conflicts in South Asia: A case study of Pakistan and India. International Journal of Political Science Development, 3(10), 400-408. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.14662/IJPSD2015.048

Inayatullah. (2014, September 14). India’s new game plan. The News International.

Mallik, S. (2013). Track-II diplomacy and its impact on Pakistan-India peace process. Current Affairs, 31(4-1), 215-225. Retrieved from https://issi.org.pk/track-ii-diplomacy-and-its-impact-on-pakistan-india-peace-process/

Mukerje, I. (1995). A blue-print for SAARC: Policy and program. New Delhi: Omege.

Naazer, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ashfaq, S. (2017). Political rights situation during Musharraf Era: 1999-2004. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 1(1), 20-31. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/1.1.3

Naik, N. A. (1999). SAARC - From association to community: Prospects and problems. South Asian Survey, 6(2), 333-43. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177%2F097152319900600213

Pattanaik, S. S. (2006). Making of regional cooperation: SAARC at twenty. Strategic Analysis, 30(1), 139-160. Retrieved from https://idsa.in/system/files/strategicanalysis_spattanaik_0306.pdf

Rakhmatia, N. M. (2010). Interstate conflict management: The twin track approach; the United Nations and ASEAN in Myanmar. M. Litt diss. University of St. Andrews.

Shahab, Z. (2008). Interstate conflicts and regionalism in South Asia: Prospects and challenges. Journal of International Affairs, 13(2), 1-19. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/816519

Sridharan, K. (2008). Regional organizations and conflict management: Comparing ASEAN and SAARC. Crises States Research Centre (London), Working Paper 2, No. 3. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.599.6418&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Travares, R. (2010). Regional security: The capacity of international organizations. New York: Routledge.

Wallensteen, P. & Bjurner, A. (eds). (2015). Regional organizations and peace making: Challengers to the UN? London: Routledge.

Wulf, H. (ed.). (2009). Still under construction: Regional organizations’ capacities for conflict prevention. INEF-Report, 97. Retrieved from http://inef.uni-due.de/cms/files/report97.pdf

Published

2017-12-31

How to Cite

Idrees, M., & Naazer, M. (2017). Conflicts and Conflict Management in SAARC: Assessing Challenges and the Way Forward. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 1(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/1.2.1

Issue

Section

Research Articles | Original Articles | Original Research

Categories