Conflicts and Conflict Management in SAARC: Assessing Challenges and the Way Forward
Keywords:SAARC, ASEAN, South Asia, South Asian Studies, Regionalism, Regional Organisations, Peace, Conflict, Peace and Conflict, Conflict Resolution, Conflict Management, South Asian Countries, SACs
The mechanism created by South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) excludes the discussions on bilateral and contentious issues which is said to be the main hurdle in the SAARC to take off. Despite similarities in the South Asian member countries, e.g. cultural, linguistic, and historical, they have not yet been able to evolve cooperative environment and their relations are characterised by varying conflicts. Keeping with the background nominal progress that has been made by SAARC, it will be wise to review the inter-state conflicts which are halting the ways of the South Asian progress. The present study surveys the nature of interstate conflict among SAARC members and their impact on regional cooperation. It also explores various modes of conflict management and conflict resolution. It offers conflict management and multi-track diplomacy as keys to peace in the South Asian region and progress for SAARC.
Ahmad, K. (2006). South Asia unresolved disputes, SAPNA, 8(1), 15-26.
Ahmad, M. (2013). Integration theory and the role of the core state in regional organizations. Regional Studies, 31(1), 41-71. Retrieved from http://irs.org.pk/journal/3RSSummer13.pdf#page=41
Ahmad, M. (2017). SAARC summits 1985-2016: The cancellation phenomenon. IPRI Journal, 27(1), 43-71. Retrieved from https://ipripak.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Article-No.-3w17.pdf
Baral, L. R. (1988). The policy of balanced interdependence. New Delhi: Sterling.
Bhatta, D. T. (n.d.) The political economy of regional cooperation in South Asia. Dash, Pacific Affairs.
Delinic, T. (2012). SAARC: Twenty-five years of regional integration in South Asia. Kas International Report. Retrieved from http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_32769-1522-2-30.pdf?121116134456
Diehl, P. F., & Lepgold, J. (eds.). (2003). Regional conflict management. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Dixit, J. N. (2001). The future of security in South Asia. South Asian Survey, 8(1), 125-133.
Gopal, K. (1996). Geo-political and regional cooperation: A study of South Asia, New Delhi: Trans Asia.
Gooneratne, J. (2007). Sri Lanka and regionalism. In Regionalism in South Asian diplomacy. In Alyson J. K. Bailes, John Gooneratne, Mavara Inayat, Jamshed Ayaz Khan & Swaran Singh (ed.), 54-67. SIPRI Policy Paper No. 15, Stockholm. https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/resrep19209.10.pdf
Hashmi, Z. H. (1979). Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey: Regional integration and economic development. Lahore: Aziz Publishers.
Hentz, J. J., & Boas, M. (eds). (2003). New and critical security and regionalism: Beyond the Nation State. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Idrees, M., & Ayaz M. (2015). Peace and conflicts in South Asia: A case study of Pakistan and India. International Journal of Political Science Development, 3(10), 400-408. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.14662/IJPSD2015.048
Inayatullah. (2014, September 14). India’s new game plan. The News International.
Mallik, S. (2013). Track-II diplomacy and its impact on Pakistan-India peace process. Current Affairs, 31(4-1), 215-225. Retrieved from https://issi.org.pk/track-ii-diplomacy-and-its-impact-on-pakistan-india-peace-process/
Mukerje, I. (1995). A blue-print for SAARC: Policy and program. New Delhi: Omege.
Naazer, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ashfaq, S. (2017). Political rights situation during Musharraf Era: 1999-2004. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 1(1), 20-31. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/1.1.3
Naik, N. A. (1999). SAARC - From association to community: Prospects and problems. South Asian Survey, 6(2), 333-43. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177%2F097152319900600213
Pattanaik, S. S. (2006). Making of regional cooperation: SAARC at twenty. Strategic Analysis, 30(1), 139-160. Retrieved from https://idsa.in/system/files/strategicanalysis_spattanaik_0306.pdf
Rakhmatia, N. M. (2010). Interstate conflict management: The twin track approach; the United Nations and ASEAN in Myanmar. M. Litt diss. University of St. Andrews.
Shahab, Z. (2008). Interstate conflicts and regionalism in South Asia: Prospects and challenges. Journal of International Affairs, 13(2), 1-19. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/816519
Sridharan, K. (2008). Regional organizations and conflict management: Comparing ASEAN and SAARC. Crises States Research Centre (London), Working Paper 2, No. 3. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.599.6418&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Travares, R. (2010). Regional security: The capacity of international organizations. New York: Routledge.
Wallensteen, P. & Bjurner, A. (eds). (2015). Regional organizations and peace making: Challengers to the UN? London: Routledge.
Wulf, H. (ed.). (2009). Still under construction: Regional organizations’ capacities for conflict prevention. INEF-Report, 97. Retrieved from http://inef.uni-due.de/cms/files/report97.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Idrees, Manzoor Ahmad Naazer, Shughla Ashfaq
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Licensing & Copyright Policies
Articles in LASSIJ-IDEA are Open Access contents published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) http://
The copyright policy of LASSIJ-IDEA is based on a non-exclusive publishing agreement, according to which the journal retains the right of first publication, but the author(s) are free to subsequently publish their work. The copyright of all work rests with the author(s).
The users may use, reproduce, disseminate or display the article(s) provided that the author(s) are attributed as the original creators and that the reuse is restricted to non-commercial purposes, i.e., research or other educational use. Authors are encouraged to familiarise themselves with the various creative commons licenses.