Economic Impacts of Parental Imprisonment on Left Behind Children: A Quantitative Study in Dir Lower, Pakistan


  • Majid Khan Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Khalid Khan School of Economics and Finance, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan, China.
  • Ihsan Ullah Khan Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar Pakistan.



Economic Impact, Imprisonment, Parental Imprisonment, Left Behind Children, Poverty


This study measures the economic impacts and constraints of parental imprisonment over the left-behind children in the District Lower Dir in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The data is collected through the interview schedule prepared in accordance with the Sekaran table (2003) of the standard sample size using the Chi-square test. The findings of the study show a highly significant association between parental imprisonment and their children having difficulty managed their expenses. Similarly, results show a significant association between parental imprisonment and their children’s interest in cellular phones and luxurious equipment and facilities. Additionally, the analysis shows that due to lack of proper supervision, there is a significant association between parental imprisonment and their children’s misuse of the daily expenses of the household. Likewise, the data shows a highly significant association of these children with a lazy attitude toward income generation for the livelihood of their family. Similarly, the assessment shows a significant association of these children having produced economic needs in an illegal method. Furthermore, a highly significant association is found in children of imprisoned parents having a financial background from the middle class thus waste a lot of money in parties and other gatherings with friends.


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How to Cite

Khan, M., Khan, K., & Khan, I. U. (2017). Economic Impacts of Parental Imprisonment on Left Behind Children: A Quantitative Study in Dir Lower, Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 1(2), 60–68.

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