Protection of civilians in the law of war: A case study of Myanmar


  • Ahmed Arafa A. Hammad School of Law, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China.
  • Guo Dexiang School of Law, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China



Common Article 3, Fourth Geneva Convention 1949, law of war, Myanmar armed conflict, non-international armed conflict, prisoners of war, protection of civilians


The paper is aimed to analyses the Law of War violation in Myanmar. Current communal conflicts in Myanmar among Buddhists and Muslims have cast a pall over the country's transition to democracy. The Rohingya, a Muslim minority group, has been disproportionately affected by the recent round of violence. The Rohingya have been subjected to many human rights violations, which has drawn international attention to the situation. Because the Myanmar government does not recognize Rohingya as a separate ethnic group, they are effectively stateless. Rohingya claim to be indigenous people of Myanmar, despite the government's statements that they came from Bangladesh. The research concludes that as positive as the recent political change has been, the Rohingya's future development does not appear bright. International human rights organizations are urging the global community to pressure Myanmar's administration to amend the Citizenship Law, which effectively makes the Rohingya homeless. The end of this article will give a solution for the Myanmar conflict and protect the Muslim minorities.


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How to Cite

Hammad, A. A. A., & Dexiang, G. (2021). Protection of civilians in the law of war: A case study of Myanmar. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(2), 124–138.