The Evolution of Jirga System: A Conflict Resolution Mechanism in FATA
Keywords:FATA, Conflict, Conflict Resolution, Conflict Management, Reconciliation, Jirga , Jirga System, Dispute Resolution
This study aims to evaluate the mechanism of conflict resolution through the Jirga system in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan. Conflict is a common issue in every society, but the resolving bodies exist in every society which are working according to their socio-cultural set-up. The Jirga system is a conflict resolution body in semi-governed tribal areas of Pakistan in the absence of formal legal and justice system. This study highlights the evolution or historical background and concept of the Jirga system as well as the kinds of Jirga system. The study further evaluates the procedures of the Jirga system that how a Jirga proceeds and resolves a conflict between the two parties. The Jirga proceeds according to the nature of a conflict. A formal justice system on the pattern of settled districts are not in practice in FATA. Therefore, there is a strong urge that the institution of Jirga must be an effective substitute.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Amna Mahmood, Shaukat Ullah, Shughla Ashfaq
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