Dismantling Panopticonic Regime: Study of Orwell’s 1984


  • Muhammad Arif Department of English Language and Literature, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Humaira Ahmed Department of English Language and Literature, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Bakht Rahman Department of English Language and Literature, Women University Swabi, Swabi, Pakistan.




Totalitarianism, Absurdity, Totalitarian Absurdity, Totalitarian Regime, Despotism, Oppression, Censorship, Authoritarianism


The study is to find the elements of despotism for the establishment of totalitarian regimes and to reduce them to an absurdity. The aim is to highlight the failure of totalitarian regimes in terms of ground realities. Historical instances show that such governments used various techniques like, insurgency, censorship of media, changing the facts and oppression of the masses by the totalitarian rulers to sustain the authority in the state. The study has highlighted the ineffectuality of the regime in the selected text in the light of totalitarian absurdity on practical grounds. The theoretical framework used is totalitarian absurdity. It has looked for the totalitarian governments and the tactics they used to rule the masses and has reduced them to an absurdity as they failed badly eventually. It is argued that there had been a constant effort on the part of the state to suppress the masses but there had always been a revolt by the oppressed masses who denied the authority. The more the authority proved to be strict, the more it augmented the potential of subjugated masses to show revolt. Thus, one can rightly say that totalitarian regimes besides their every effort can be drawn to an absurdity.


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How to Cite

Arif, M., Ahmed, H., & Rahman, B. (2018). Dismantling Panopticonic Regime: Study of Orwell’s 1984. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 2(1), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/2.1.2



Research Articles | Original Research