An annotated bibliography of the Mohenjodaro studies in the Pakistani research journals


  • Sirat Gohar National Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage (Lok Virsa), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Ifqut Shaheen Department of History, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Anura Manatunga Department of Archaeology, Government of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.



Mohenjodaro, archaeology, archaeological research, annotated bibliography, research paper, research journal, research article, popular article, Indus Civilization


The publication of archaeological research is one of the important jobs the archaeologists should do. “Excavation without publication is destruction” is a famous axiom in archaeology. Once an archaeological site is exposed, it could not be restored despite the fact if the structures are conserved. Archaeologists aim to share as well as popularize archaeological discoveries and it necessitates the publication of results. Such endeavours result in preliminary reports, final reports, books, guidebooks, conference proceedings, scholarly articles in research journals, and popular articles in magazines and newspapers. All such forms of knowledge production and dissemination help archaeologists reach the target audience. Especially, research journal articles are primarily intended for specialists. This study focuses on the papers published on Mohenjodaro in Pakistani research journals (English). The study aims to prepare an annotated bibliography of the papers published on Mohenjodaro and place them in a broader perspective of the Indus Civilization. This research discovers that a total of 53 papers, which include reports of archaeological excavations, surveys, and conservation and preservation of monuments, research articles, a poem, and a book review, have been published on Mohenjodaro in Pakistani journals dedicated to archaeology, history, culture, and literature.


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Bhattacharjee, S. B. & Bhattacharya, S. (2007). The First Cloud. Indian Literature, 51, 1(237), 48-49.

Dales, G. F. (1964). The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjo-Daro. Expedition Magazine, Spring, 28-43.

Dales, G. F., & Kenoyer, J. M. (1996). Excavations at Mohenjodaro, Pakistan. The Pottery. University Museum.

Kenoyer, J. M. (2005). Mohenjodaro: An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis.

Khan, R. & Shaheen, I. (2018). ‘The Vulgus is No Bad Judge’ – Sir Mortimer Wheeler and the popularization of Indo-Pakistani Archaeology. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society (Historicus), LXVI(1-2), 175-203.

Lahiri, N. (Ed.). (2000/2006). The decline and fall of the Indus Civilization (4th ed.). Permanent Black.

Mackay, E. J. H. (Ed.). (1938/1998). Further excavation at Mohenjo-daro: Being an official account of archaeological excavations at Mohenjo-daro carried out by the Government of India between the years 1927 and 1931. Munshiram Manoharlal.

Mackay, E. J. H. (2001). The Indus Civilization. Sang-e-Meel.

Marshall, J. (Ed.). (1931/2012). Mohenjo-daro and the Indus Civilization: Being an Official Account of Archaeological Excavations at Mohenjo-daro carried out by Government of India between the years 1922 and 1927 (2nd ed.). Culture Department, Pakistan.

Possehl, G. L. (2002). The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective. Vistaar.

Tokai University. (2000). Map of the Indus Civilization [Map].

UNESCO. (1964). Preservation of the Monument of Mohenjo Daro, Pakistan.

Wheeler, S. M. (1997). The Indus Civilization. Sang-e-Meel.



How to Cite

Gohar, S., Shaheen, I., & Manatunga, A. (2021). An annotated bibliography of the Mohenjodaro studies in the Pakistani research journals. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(1), 686–708.