Evaluation of environmental degradation as an unprecedented threat to human security in Pakistan


  • Bilal Aslam Centre for South Asian Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan | Department of Community and Environmental Sociology, University of Wisconsin Madison, United States. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2733-9704
  • Shabnam Gul Department of International Relations, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Faizan Asghar School of Peace and Counter Terrorism Studies, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan.




environment, environmental degradation, environmental management, climate change, human security, non-traditional security threats, sustainable development


Environmental degradation over the years has gained much significance as a non-traditional security threat and it can be regarded as an emerging challenge to the human security in Pakistan as well. This paper attempts to establish a linkage between the environmental degradation and human security by analysing the various causes of the environmental degradation in Pakistan and exploring its impact on the various dimensions of the human security. The study incorporates the secondary data in the form of reports published by the World Bank, United Nations Environment Program, Ministry of Finance & Ministry of Climate Change Pakistan and also the newspapers and online resources. The qualitative methodology has been used to analyse the data obtained through the secondary sources and test the hypothesis that environmental degradation is a new and unprecedented threat to the human security in Pakistan. This paper suggests that the sustainable development policies can help in dealing with is the issue of environmental degradation, which consequently will positively impact the human security in Pakistan. The study also paves the way for policy-oriented research in the field of sustainable development.


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How to Cite

Aslam, B., Gul, S., & Asghar, M. F. (2021). Evaluation of environmental degradation as an unprecedented threat to human security in Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(1), 197–211. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.14