Indian Inclusion in CPEC: A Path to Indo-Pak Threat Reduction via Complex Interdependence

Authors

  • Sohail Ahmad Department of Humanities, International Relations Program, Comsats University Islamabad
  • Areeja Syed Department of Humanities, International Relations Program, Comsats University Islamabad, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5133-3524
  • Muhammad Makkey Bhutta Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4334-1310

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/3.2.2

Keywords:

CPEC, BRI, OBOR, Regional Integration, Interdependence, Peace Journalism, Economic Interdependence, Belt and Road Initiative, One Belt One Road

Abstract

CPEC is a flagship project that can help India boost her economy to uplift the growing demands of infrastructural investment in the sector of energy, railroad connectivity and much more. As Pakistan and India get more economically integrated, the likelihood of any significant or minor war is going to be avoidable in the long run. India needs to understand that CPEC is not meant to destabilise any of the South Asian nations but to trigger the overall regional amalgamation. The addition of India to this global project is extremely industrious to take trilateral relations among China, Pakistan, and India towards new heights. With the backdrop of distrust, animosity, negative peace and zero political connectivity between India and Pakistan, CPEC is a feasible platform to eradicate these dilemmas if political connectivity is established. There is a need to have ideas and incentives which can convince India to be the part of CPEC. In addition, adverse reporting of media is also damaging this project by spreading false allegations. Therefore, the authors seek to explain how through CPEC, there can be less stress between India and Pakistan. What media can play its role to build the positive perception about this project. How media can make CPEC a vital source for reduction of hostility between the two states by applying the complex interdependence theory.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Adnan, D. M. (2018). China-Pakistan economic corridor and Indian print media: The case study of elite English press. Journal of Political Studies, 25(1), 229-248.

Afridi, M. K., & Khalid, I. (2016). The politics of interdependence: A case of China Pakistan Economic Corridor. South Asian Studies, 31(2), 659-671.

Ali, A. (2016). China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): Prospects and challenges for regional integration. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Studies, 7(1), 1-15.

Ali, R., Ali, I, & Ullah, S. (2018). SCO as a passage to regional security: Future developments and opportunities for Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 3(1), 19-29.

Begum, S. and Ahmed, S. N. (2016). Changing dynamics of Pakistan-India relationship and Kashmir predicament. Journal of the Punjab University Historical Society, 29(2), 197-204.

Galtung, J. (1967). Theories of peace: A synthetic approach to peace thinking. Oslo: International Peace Research Association.

Grant, C. (2010). India’s response to China’s rise. London: Centre for Eurpeon Reforms.

Hafeez, M. (2017, October 17). Issu Brief on India's connect Cental Asia policy. Retrieved from Institute of Strategice Studies Islamabad (ISSI). http://issi.org.pk/issue-brief-on-indias-connect-central-asia-policy/

Hanna, S., Vaughn, L., and Eisenstein, J. (2016, May 03). Interdependence. Retrieved from Jimi Sol. (channel); https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FdwZK6pL1M

Hanif, C. (2018, January 17). China Pakistan Economic Cooridor. Retrieved from China Pakistan Economic Cooridor; http://www.cpecinfo.com/cpec-news-detail?id=NDcyNQ==

Hindustan Times (2018, September 17). Have not agreed to open Afghan trade route to India, Pakistan clarifies. Retrieved from; https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/have-not-agreed-to-open-afghan-trade-route-to-india-pakistan-clarifies/story-NkXuVJV6yXlCCDnmf3YI5J.html

Idrees, M., Naazer, M. A., & Rehman, A. U. (2017). Conflict and conflict management in SAARC. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal, 1(2), 1-11.

Islam (2019, March 5). Before and after Pulwama: The Kashmir issue. Retrieved from Humanitarian and Social Research Center (INSAMER): https://insamer.com/en/before-and-after-pulwama-the-kashmir-issue_2042.html

Jha, P. S. (2016, August 13). Why India must Embrace China's One Belt One Road program. Retrieved from The Wire; https://thewire.in/diplomacy/india-must-embrace-chinas-one-belt-one-road-plan

Joshi, M. (2017, May 17). India should work with China on OBOR for its own Economic Benefit. Retrieved from Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/india-should-work-with-china-on-obor-for-it-s-own-economic-benefit/story-Ebx7FoM65zB1F8sOyGKg4O.html

Karim, M. A. and Islam, F. (2018). Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) Economic Corridor: Challenges and Prospects. The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 30(2), 283-302.

Khatoon, A., Rahim, N. & Ali, B. (2018). A historical perspective of China's peaceful policies and its rise as world economic power. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 2(1), 65-74.

Keohane, R. O., & Nye, J. S. (1987). Power and Interdependence Revisited. International Organization, 41(4), 725-753.

Malik, S. A. (2017). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Impact on regional stability of South Asia. International Journal of Political Science and Development, 5(6), 192-202.

Masood, Y. (2018, August 08). Why India fear and oppose CPEC? Retrieved from Times of Islamabad; https://timesofislamabad.com/08-Aug-2018/why-india-fear-and-oppose-cpec

Mohan, C. R. (2018, August 14). Raja Mandala: Breaking the Radcliffe barrier. Retrieved from The Indian Express; https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-pakistan-china-relation-imran-khan-xi-jinping-narendra-modi-china-belt-and-road-initiative-5305200/

Rana, W. (2015). Theory of complex interdependence: A comparative analysis of realist and Neoliberal thoughts. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 6(2), 290-297.

Ranjan, A. (2015). The China-Pakistan Economic Cooridor: India's Option. Institute of Chinese Studies, 10(1), 1-25.

Rehman, A. U., Hakim, A., Khan, K., & Khan, I. U. (2018). Role of CPEC in development of trade, transport, and economy of Pakistan. Romanian Journal of Transport Infrastructure 7(1), 77-92.

Rehman, A. U., Ashfaq, S., & Khan, T. M. (2018). Kargil operation and its effects on civil-military relations in Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal 2(2), 10-21.

Riaz, S. (2017). Role of media in promoting peace and harmony. ISSRA Papers, 9(2), 99-114.

Sachdeva, G. (2018). Indian perceptions of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative. International Studies, 55(4), 285-296.

Singh, G. S. (2016). India and China: Constructing a peaceful order in the Indo-Pacific. New Delhi: National Maritime Foundation.

Syed, A. (2016, June 28). Role of media in promoting Indo-Pak peace: A Case study of “Aman ki Asha” initiative. Retrieved from Foreign Policy News. http://foreignpolicynews.org/2016/06/28/role-media-promoting-indo-pak-peace-case-study-aman-ki-asha-initiative/

Tikhonova, P. (2017, January 20). Do Pakistan and China really need India in CPEC? Retrieved from Value Walk (VW); https://www.valuewalk.com/2017/01/do-pakistan-china-need-india-cpec/

Walker, T. C. (2013). A circumspect revival of liberalism: Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye's Power and Interdependence. In Classics of International Relations (pp. 160-186), Rutledge.

Published

2020-01-21

How to Cite

Ahmad, S., Syed, A. ., & Bhutta, M. . (2020). Indian Inclusion in CPEC: A Path to Indo-Pak Threat Reduction via Complex Interdependence. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 3(2), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/3.2.2