The crisis of Pakistan railways: unveiling the nexus of competence and corruption


  • Fareeha Munawar Department of Management Sciences, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Maryam Gull Department of Management Sciences, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sobia Hassan Department of Public Administration, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Mobina Farasat Department of Management Sciences, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Kursat Capraz Department of International Trade and Finance, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.



Locomotives, Transportation, Railways transport, Decline of railways, Corruption in railways, Railways crisis, Institutional competence, Efficiency of railways


Pakistan Railways is facing a crisis marked by a need for more operational locomotives essential for its functioning. This study endeavours to uncover the root causes of lack of success and explore avenues for enhancing operational efficiency and effectiveness. The study draws out some parameters and resolutions about competence and corruption issues in Pakistan railways. It examines and provides possibilities for improving performance and increasing capacity by highlighting different problem areas. The well-grounded qualitative approach was used to design the research methodology. Analysis of in-depth face-to-face interviews with senior officials helped identify the significant factors of competence and corruption contributing to the decline of Pakistan railways. The study delineates key parameters and proposes resolutions to address these challenges, aiming to enhance the organisation's performance and capacity by identifying and addressing critical problem areas. The research analysis identifies the principal factors contributing to the Pakistan Railway's decline in competence and corruption. NVivo 14 was utilised to discover richer insights from the interviews, enhancing the rigour and reliability of the findings. The study offers several recommendations to concerned authorities to elevate the competence levels within Pakistan railways and steer them towards recovery and efficiency.


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How to Cite

Munawar, F., Gull, M., Hassan, S., Farasat, M., & Capraz, K. (2024). The crisis of Pakistan railways: unveiling the nexus of competence and corruption. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 8(1), 64–87.



Research Articles | Original Research