The Russia-Ukraine war: unravelling the challenges to the liberal international order


  • Zeeshan Fida Department of International Relations, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan | Area Study Centre for Africa, North and South America, Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Sadia Sulaiman Area Study Centre for Africa, North and South America, Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Aqeel Abbas Kazmi School of Foreign Languages, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Istanbul, Turkey.



Liberal internationalism, Unipolar moment, Liberal hegemony, Economic interdependence, NATO enlargement, Hyper-globalization, Democratic recession


With the diffusion of power in global affairs, a convergence of multiple threats began to intersect and challenge ‘the liberal international order’. On the one hand, the US, the sole hegemon, has been frequently abusing the rules and institutions of ‘the liberal international order’. Besides, ‘the post-Cold War US grand strategy of liberal internationalism’ has been under pressure from ‘the revisionist states such as Russia and China’ and the right-wing populist leaders in advanced Western democracies. On the other hand, the global society is witnessing the return of great power politics, imperial ambitions, and Moscow’s desire to gather Russians and re-establish a Russian sphere of influence in its neighbourhood by unleashing war against Ukraine. These geopolitical challenges aggravate the great powers’ competition, undermining the American dream of the universal liberal order. With the return of ‘the tragedy of great power politics’, the United States needs to maintain a strategy of coexistence rather than confrontation. Washington ought to prefer stability over democracy promotion, shore up its democratic alliance, and shred its imperial character such as NATO enlargement to preserve the rules of the liberal international order.


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How to Cite

Fida, Z., Sulaiman, S., & Kazmi, A. A. (2023). The Russia-Ukraine war: unravelling the challenges to the liberal international order. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 7(2), 101–119.

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