The future of Afghanistan under Taliban-led regime: challenges and likely scenarios


  • Aamir Khan Department of International Relations and Political Science, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Aqsa Durrani Department of International Relations and Political Science, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan.



Afghan Taliban, Taliban regime, Political recognition, Ethnic groups, Inclusive government, Terrorism, Islamic State of Khurasan, Tehreek Taliban Pakistan


Since the takeover of the Afghan Taliban, there has been a lack of cohesion on the internal and external front and critical issues, including international recognition, the question of ethnicity, inclusive government, human rights, internal and external security, economy, and regional implication of the security and insecurity. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the likely challenges for the Taliban government in Afghanistan. Being the centre stage of the regional security complex and the diverse ethnic composition, Afghanistan remains an active ground for various fundamental ideologies. The Tehreek Taliban Pakistan (TTP) elements are freely roaming in Afghanistan, along with the news that the Islamic State of Khorasan (ISK) has regrouped itself in various parts of Afghanistan. The questions of terrorist groups are a major concern for the world and the neighbouring states of Afghanistan. Political legitimacy and international recognition are significant challenges for the Taliban regime. Similarly, economic problems and human rights violations are also critical challenges for the Taliban regime. Maintaining good relations with neighbouring states is crucial in ending the diplomatic isolation of the Taliban regime. All these are essential questions for the Taliban regime and the world, and this study has attempted to investigate and analyse possible solutions.


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How to Cite

Khan, A., & Durrani, A. (2024). The future of Afghanistan under Taliban-led regime: challenges and likely scenarios. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 8(1), 1–21.



Research Articles | Original Research