Article Format-Structure

The main structure/style of the manuscript submitted to JHSMS shall be as follows:

Title (font size 13, Times New Roman):

Active verbs are used instead of complex noun-based phrases. It is around 10 to 12 words long and summarises the main idea or ideas of the study.

Abstract (150-200 words):

It discusses a compact view of the research problem, purpose of study, research design and critical findings.

Keywords (seven-ten):

It does not use words or phrases from the title and supplements its title. These are descriptive, representing key concepts and nouns.

Introduction (and background):

It describes the purpose, scope, context, significance, background, hypothesis(es), question(s), brief methodology, outcome(s), and outline of the remaining structure/organisation of the article.

Literature Review (relevant literature/sources)

It describes, summarises, and critically evaluates the sources explored regarding the research problem(s) being investigated.

Conceptual and Theoretical Framework (or Model):

The conceptual framework presents/makes the construction of the study clearer, cleaner, and more straightforward, and the theoretical framework explains the relationships explored within the study.

Research Methodology (methods and materials):

It describes the actions taken to investigate the research problem and the rationale for applying the specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyse the information needed to understand the issue.

Data and Results (if applicable):

It reports the study based on the methodology(ies) being applied and in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation if data is generated from the author’s research.

Analysis and Discussion (and findings):

It interprets and describes the significance of findings in light of what was already known about the research problem(s). It explains new understandings or insights emerging from studying the issue. It is connected to the introduction through research questions and hypothesis (es) and the literature being reviewed for the study.

Conclusion (suggestions and future direction):

It helps the readers to understand why the research should matter to them. It gives a synthesis of key points and, (if applicable), suggests new areas for future research.

References (list of cited sources):

It contains a list of updated published and unpublished material, including research articles from internationally reputed journals, especially those indexed in WOS, Scopus, etc.

  • Acknowledgements (if any) 
  • Appendices/Annexures (if any)


[Last updated: May 12, 2024]