Role of women in decision making: a case study of Pakhtuns of Tehkal, Peshawar, Pakistan




decision making, women’s decision making, patriarchy, women empowerment, Pakhtun households, family planning, household expenditure, power dynamics


This paper discusses women's decision-making role in the affluent patriarchal households of Pakhtuns. The patriarchy is popularly believed to be an impediment for women to participate in decision-making at the household level. The study analyses the participation of women in decision-making related to children's spouse selection, education and health, and family planning. The study also focused on women's role in decision-making related to household expenditure and the purchase of household items and immovable property. The study was qualitative, and participant observation and in-depth interviews were used as data collection tools. The study found that women's age, education, marital status, marriage duration, and family structure determine women's decision-making. The study reveals that despite the patriarchal system of households in affluent Pakhtun households, women participated in the decisions making. They participated in decision-making related to children's health, education, and selection of the spouse for their children. Women had a say in family planning. They also participated in the decisions related to household expenditure and purchasing household items. Participation of women in decisions related to the purchase of immovable items was limited.


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How to Cite

Arbab, S., & Taieb, M. (2023). Role of women in decision making: a case study of Pakhtuns of Tehkal, Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Humanities, Social and Management Sciences (JHSMS), 4(1), 1–14.