Exploring the E-learning experiences of students during Covid-19: a case study of the Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak, Pakistan
Keywords:Corona Virus, Corona pandemic, online learning, online learning program, online education, remote learning, university students, internet-based learning
In Pakistan, E-Learning was never a part of the regular mode of education delivery in any institution. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all educational institutes, including colleges and universities, now offer online learning programs. E-Learning is internet or web-based learning now widely used in Pakistan due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study explores the experiences of university students during COVID-19, and the case study is of Khushal Khan Khattak University in district Karak of Pakistan. A descriptive qualitative design was used by using a purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using semi-structured, face-to-face in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis was used to devise different themes based on the interviews taken. The study results revealed six major themes: Difficult in accessing E-Learning, Reservations about the shift to E-Learning, Learning Issues, Personal views and issues, Completion and comprehension of coursework, and challenges related to E-Learning. The study concluded that the abrupt remote online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic had impacted students at all stages of education.
Abbad, M. (2010). Looking under the bonnet: factors affecting student adoption of E-learning systems in Jordan. Jordan: International Review of Research into Open and Distance Learning, 10(2), 1-25.
Ahmed, S. N., Rehman, S. U., & Khan, S. M. (2021). Online graded assessment of Saudi EFL learners during the Covid-19 pandemic: A successful implication of TAM. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(1), 667–685. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.43 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.43
Aslam, T., Rizvi, S. M. A. S., & Ahmad, J. (2020). Virtual Learning Strategies during Covid-19: A Case Study of The University of Lahore, Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 4(2), 427–441. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/4.2.33 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/4.2.33
Bozkurt, A., & Sharma, R. C. (2020). Emergency remote teaching in a time of global crisis due to Corona Virus pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), i-vi. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3778083.
Cai, L. & Zhu, Y. (2015) The challenges of data quality and data quality assessment in the big data era. Data Science Journal, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2015-002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2015-002
Cook-Sather, A. (2003). Listening to Students about Learning Differences. Teaching Exceptional Children. 35(4), 22-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/004005990303500404 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004005990303500404
Davis, Fred & Davis, Fred. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly. 13. 319. https://doi.org/10.2307/249008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/249008
Hossain, M. M., Tasnim, S., Sultana, A., Faizah, F., Mazumder, H., Zou, L., McKyer, E., Ahmed, H. U., & Ma, P. (2020). Epidemiology of mental health problems in Covid-19: a review. F1000 Research, 9, 636. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.24457.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.24457.1
Hussein, N. R., Naqid, I. A., Jacksi, K., & Abdi, B. A. (2020). Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19 virus among university students in Kurdistan region, Iraq: online cross-sectional study. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(9), 4809–4814. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_870_20 Rapanta, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_870_20
McAleer, M. 2020. Prevention is better than the cure: risk management of Covid-19. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 13(3), 46. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13030046 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13030046
Moore, T., & Morton, J. (2017). The myth of job readiness? written communication, employability, and the “skills gap” in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 42(3), 591–609. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1067602 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1067602
Nabi, S. (2022). Sinophobia in the semiotic representation of Covid-19 in English language newspapers. Journal of Humanities, Social and Management Sciences (JHSMS), 3(1), 57–70. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.jhsms/3.1.5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.jhsms/3.1.5
Noor-Ul-Amin, S. (2013). An effective use of ICT for education and learning by drawing on worldwide knowledge, research, and experience. ICT as a Change Agent for Education. India: Department of Education, University of Kashmir, 1, 13.
Rapanta, C., Botturi, L., Goodyear, P., Guàrdia, L., & Koole, M. (2020). Online university teaching during and after the Covid-19 crisis: Refocusing teacher presence and learning activity. Post-digital Science and Education, 2, 923-945. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42438-020-00155-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00155-y
Rehman, N., Zhang, W., & Iqbal, M. (2021). The use of technology for online classes during the global pandemic: challenges encountered by the schoolteachers in Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(2), 193–208. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.2.13 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.2.13
Saeed, B., Ullah, A., & Khan, M. A. (2021). Attitude of university students on online teaching under corona virus pandemic situation in Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 5(1), 28–40. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassij/5.1.3
Sethi, B. A., Sethi, A., Ali, S., & Aamir, H. S. (2020). Impact of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on health professionals. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID19-S4), S6–S11. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2779 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2779
Shahzad, A. C. (2020). Malaysian SME's performance and the use of e-commerce: a multigroup analysis of click-and-mortar and pure-play e-retailers. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS), 14(1), 1-33. https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/216862
Bhattacharya, B., Gurung, A., Shrestha, A., & Shrestha, P. (2020). Education during Covid-19 pandemic: A qualitative study among secondary level students of public schools in Kathmandu Valley. Seminar Paper. https://www.academia.edu/44784539/EDUCATION_DURING_COVID_19_PANDEMIC_A_QUALITATIVE_STUDY_AMONG_SECONDARY_LEVEL_STUDENTS_OF_PUBLIC_SCHOOLS_IN_KATHMANDU_VALLEY
Suliman, W. A., Abu-Moghli, F. A., Khalaf, I., Zumot, A. F., & Nabolsi, M. (2021). Experiences of nursing students under the unprecedented abrupt online learning format forced by the national curfew due to COVID-19: A qualitative research study. Nurse Education Today, 100, 104829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.104829 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.104829
WHO. (2020a, 29 June 2020). Archived: WHO Timeline - COVID-19. https://www.who.int/news/item/27-04-2020-who-timeline---covid-19
WHO. (2020b, 29 January 2020). Listings of WHO’s response to Covid-19. https://www.who.int/news/item/29-06-2020-covidtimeline
WHO. (2020c, 29 January 2020). COVID-19 Situation Report, no. 68 (14 January 2022). https://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/55720
Yulianingsih, I., & Parlindungan, D. (2020). Persepsi Mahasiswa Pendidikan Olahraga Terhadap Perkuliahan Daring Selama Pandemi Covid-19. Gelanggang Olahraga: Journal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 4(1), 31-46. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31539/jpjo.v4i1.1467 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31539/jpjo.v4i1.1467
Zhang, D., Zhou, L., Briggs, R. & Nunamaker, J. (2006). Instructional video in e-learning: assessing the impact of interactive video on learning effectiveness. Information and Management, 43(1), 15-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2005.01.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2005.01.004
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Sabahat Gul Khattak, Shakila Bano, Farhat Ullah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Licensing & Copyright Policies
Articles in JHSMS-IDEA are Open Access contents published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0) International License http://
The copyright policy of JHSMS-IDEA is based on a non-exclusive publishing agreement, according to which the journal retains the right of first publication, but the author(s) are free to subsequently publish their work. The copyright of all work rests with the author(s).
The users may use, reproduce, disseminate or display the article(s) provided that the author(s) are attributed as the original creators and that the reuse is restricted to non-commercial purposes, i.e., research or other educational use. Authors are encouraged to familiarise themselves with the various creative commons licenses.