Green HRM practices, organizational commitment, and citizenship behaviour in banks of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan

Authors

  • Sana Gul Shaikh Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh, Laar Campus, Badin, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0009-0007-6303-1049
  • Hakim Ali Mahesar Institute of Commerce, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.jhsms/5.1.9

Keywords:

Green human resource management, Organizational citizenship behaviour, Corporate social responsibility, Employee engagement, Sustainability initiatives

Abstract

The study explores the interplay flanked by green HRM practices (GHRMP) and organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) in banking institutions in Hyderabad, Pakistan, focusing on the mediating impact of organisational commitment. GHRMP are recognised for promoting environmental sustainability and corporate social responsibility. OCB, reflecting discretionary employee behaviour, is pivotal for organisational success. This research aims to ascertain whether organisational commitment mediates the association between GHRMP and OCB in the banking sector of Hyderabad. Data were collected through closed-ended surveys, employing convenience sampling with 200 questionnaires from banks. Smart PLS software facilitated model development and assumption assessment, while SPSS was used for data analysis. Findings reveal that organisational commitment mediates the relationship between GHRMP and OCB in banking institutions. These results underscore the potential of GHRM to enhance organisational commitment, thereby fostering greater OCB participation among employees. This research contributes to academia by elucidating the connections among bank employee commitment, GHRMP, and voluntary employee behaviour. Banks can use these insights to devise and implement GHRM strategies that support environmental responsibility while enhancing staff engagement and organisational citizenship. Integrating sustainability initiatives into HRM processes can cultivate a culture of organisational citizenship and environmental responsibility.

References

Aftab, N., Ali Shah, S. A., & Khan, Z. (2020). The moderating effect of gender on the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behaviour in Pakistani university teachers. Cogent Psychology, 7(1), 1860480. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2020.1860480 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2020.1860480

Ahmad, S. (2015). Green human resource management: policies and practices. Cogent Business and Management, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2015.1030817 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2015.1030817

Alt, E., & Spitzeck, H. (2016). Improving environmental performance through unit-level organizational citizenship behaviours for the environment: a capability perspective. Journal of Environmental Management, 182, 48–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.034 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.034

Aykan, E. (2017). Gaining a competitive advantage through green human resource management. In: Emeagwali, L.O. (Ed.), Corporate governance and strategic decision making. Intech Open. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.69703

Azam, T., Malik, S. Y., Ren, D., Yuan, W., Mughal, Y. H., Ullah, I., Fiaz, M., & Riaz, S. (2022). The moderating role of organizational citizenship behaviour toward environment on the relationship between green supply chain management practices and sustainable performance. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.876516 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.876516

Boiral, O., & Paillé, P. (2011). Organizational citizenship behaviour for the environment: measurement and validation. Journal of Business Ethics, 109(4), 431–445. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-1138-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-1138-9

Çöp, S., Alola, U. V., & Alola, A. A. (2020). Perceived behavioural control as a mediator of hotels’ green training, environmental commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviour: a sustainable environmental practice. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(8), 3495–3508. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.2592 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.2592

Darvishmotevali, M., & Alt?nay, L. (2022). Green HRM, environmental awareness and green behaviours: the moderating role of servant leadership. Tourism Management, 88, 104401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2021.104401 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2021.104401

Delgado-Verde, M., Amores-Salvadó, J., Martín-de Castro, G., & Navas-López, J. E. (2014). Green intellectual capital and environmental product innovation: the mediating role of green social capital. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 12(3), 261–275. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1057/kmrp.2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/kmrp.2014.1

Diana, G. C., Jabbour, C. J. C., De Sousa Jabbour, A. B. L., & Kannan, D. (2017). Putting environmental technologies into the mainstream: adoption of environmental technologies by medium-sized manufacturing firms in Brazil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 4011–4018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.054 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.054

Fernández, E., Junquera, B., & Ordiz, M. (2003). Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue: a review of the literature. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14(4), 634–656. https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519032000057628 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519032000057628

Fernández-Mesa, A. &. L. O. &. G. a. &. O. J. (2020). Enhancing organisational commitment through task significance: the moderating role of openness to experience. European Management Journal, 38(4), 602-612 https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/eurman/v38y2020i4p602-612.html DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2019.12.010

Graci, S. (2016). Collaboration and partnership development for sustainable tourism. In: Understanding tropical coastal and island tourism development (pp. 25-42). Routledge. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9781315761572-3/collaboration-partnership-development-sustainable-tourism-sonya-graci DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.675513

Hair, J., & Alamer, A. (2022). Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) in second language and education research: guidelines using an applied example. Research Methods in Applied Linguistics, 1(3), 100027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmal.2022.100027 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmal.2022.100027

Iftikar, T., Hussain, S., Malik, M. I., Hyder, S., Kaleem, M., & Saqib, A. (2022). Green human resource management and pro-environmental behaviour nexus with the lens of AMO theory. Cogent Business and Management, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2022.2124603 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2022.2124603

Jehanzeb, K., & Mohanty, J. (2020). The mediating role of organizational commitment between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviour: Power Distance as Moderator. Personnel Review, 49(2), 445-468. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-09-2018-0327

Kakar, A. S., & Khan, M. (2022). Exploring the impact of green HRM practices on pro-environmental behaviour via interplay of organization citizenship behaviour. Green Finance, 4(3), 274–294. https://doi.org/10.3934/gf.2022013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3934/GF.2022013

Khan, M. Z., Niqab, M., & Ali, N. (2023). Analysing the mediating effect of organizational citizenship behaviour on the relationship between HRM practices and intellectual capital in educational settings in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.52131/pjhss.2023.1101.0327 DOI: https://doi.org/10.52131/pjhss.2023.1101.0327

Kuo, Y., Khan, T., Islam, S. U., Abdullah, F. Z., Pradana, M., & Kaewsaeng-On, R. (2022). Impact of green HRM practices on environmental performance: the mediating role of green innovation. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.916723 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.916723

Li, M., Abidin, R. Z. U., Qammar, R., Qadri, S. U., Khan, M. K., Ma, Z., Qadri, S., Ahmed, H., Khan, H., & Mahmood, S. (2023). Pro-environmental behaviour, green HRM practices, and green psychological climate: examining the underlying mechanism in Pakistan. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2023.1067531 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2023.1067531

Liu, X., & Yu, X. (2023). Green transformational leadership and employee organizational citizenship behaviour for the environment in the manufacturing industry: a social information processing perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1097655 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1097655

Massoudie, J., & Shinwari, G. (2023). Green HRM as predicator of firm s environmental performance and role of employees environmental organizational citizenship behaviour as moderator. Kardan Journal of Economics and Management Sciences. https://doi.org/10.31841/kjems.2023.137 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31841/KJEMS.2023.137

Mousa, S. K., & Othman, M. (2020). The impact of green human resource management practices on sustainable performance in healthcare organisations: A conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 243, 118595. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118595

Nasim, I., Cheema, S. M., Imtiaz, S., & Naeem, K. (2024b). The role of green human resource management practices towards the health sector: with mediating role of organisational citizenship behaviour towards environment and psychological green climate. International Journal of Management Practice, 17(2), 170–199. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmp.2024.136987 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMP.2024.136987

Nawangsari, L. C., Sutawidjaya, A. H., Suharko, A. B., & Rudianto, D. (2021). Organizational citizenship behaviour for the environment in university. International Review of Management and Marketing, 11(2), 67–73. https://doi.org/10.32479/irmm.10464 DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/irmm.10464

Noor, A., Zainuddin, Y., Panigrahi, S. K., & Rahim, F. B. T. (2020). Investigating the relationship among fit organization, organization commitment and employee’s intention to stay: Malaysian context. Global Business Review, 21(1), 68-87. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0972150918755896 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972150918755896

Paillé, P., & Mejía-Morelos, J. H. (2014). Antecedents of pro-environmental behaviours at work: the moderating influence of psychological contract breach. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 38, 124–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.01.004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.01.004

Pinzone, M., Guerci, M., Lettieri, E., & Redman, T. (2016). Progressing in the change journey towards sustainability in healthcare: the role of green HRM. Journal of Cleaner Production, 122, 201-211.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.031 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.031

Prasad, R. S., & Agarwal. (2013). Green HRM - partner in sustainable competitive growth. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ravi-Prasad-38/publication/364238130

Qu, Y., Xu, Z., Sun, H., & Li, Q. (2022). The effect of self-sacrificial leadership on employees’ organisational citizenship behaviour for the environment: a moderated mediation model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(12), 7450. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127450 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127450

Ramachandran, V. (2011). Strategic corporate social responsibility: a ‘dynamic capabilities’ perspective. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 18(5), 285–293. https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.251 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.251

Rousseau, D. M., & McLean Parks, J. (1993). The contracts of individuals and organizations. Research in Organizational Behaviour, 15, 1-1.

Rubel, M. R. B., Rimi, N. N., Yusliza, M., & Kee, D. M. H. (2018). High commitment human resource management practices and employee service behaviour: trust in management as mediator. Management Review, 30(4), 316–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iimb.2018.05.006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iimb.2018.05.006

Saeed, B. B., Afsar, B., Hafeez, S., Khan, I., Tahir, M., & Afridi, M. A. (2018). Promoting employee’s pro-environmental behaviour through green human resource management practices. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 26(2), 424–438. https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.1694 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.1694

Shoaib, M., Abbas, Z., Yousaf, M., Záme?ník, R., Ahmed, J., & Saqib, S. (2021). The role of GHRM practices towards organizational commitment: a mediation analysis of green human capital. Cogent Business & Management, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1870798 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1870798

Singh, K. D., & Onahring, B. D. (2019). Entrepreneurial intention, job satisfaction and organizational commitment - construct of a research model through literature review. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0134-2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0134-2

Svetlana, Z., Olga, G., & Galina, K. (2022). Tools for correlation and regression analyses in estimating a functional relationship of digitalization factors. Mathematics, 10(3), 429. https://doi.org/10.3390/math10030429 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/math10030429

Tang, G., Chen, Y., Jiang, Y., Paillé, P., & Jia, J. (2018). Green human resource management practices: scale development and validity. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 56(1), 31-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7941.12147

Tetrick, L. E., Coyle-Shapiro, J. A., Chen, X. P., & Shore, L. M. (2007). Management and organization review special issue on social exchange in organizations. Management and Organization Review, 3(1), 170-170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1740877600000140

Uddin, M. (2022). Leveraging green human resource management practices towards environmental performance: an empirical evidence from the manufacturing context in emerging economy. International Journal of Business and Society, 23(1), 585–603. https://doi.org/10.33736/ijbs.4631.2022 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33736/ijbs.4631.2022

Uslu, F., Kele?, A., Aytekin, A., Yayla, Ö., Kele?, H., Ergün, G. S., & Tar?nç, A. (2023). Effect of green human resource management on green psychological climate and environmental green behaviour of hotel employees: the moderator roles of environmental sensitivity and altruism. Sustainability, 15(7), 6017. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15076017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su15076017

Yu, W., Chavez, R., Feng, M., Wong, C. Y., & Fynes, B. (2020). Green human resource management and environmental cooperation: an ability-motivation-opportunity and contingency perspective. International Journal of Production Economics, 219, 224–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2019.06.013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2019.06.013

Yue, G., Wei, H., Khan, N. U., Saufi, R. A., Yaziz, M. F. A., & Bazkiaei, H. A. (2023). Does the environmental management system predict TBL performance of manufacturers? the role of green HRM practices and OCBE as serial mediators. Sustainability, 15(3), 2436. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15032436 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su15032436

Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

Shaikh, S. G., & Mahesar, H. A. (2024). Green HRM practices, organizational commitment, and citizenship behaviour in banks of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Humanities, Social and Management Sciences (JHSMS), 5(1), 160–177. https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.jhsms/5.1.9

Issue

Section

Research Articles